Explore the many forms of rescue and the moral and ethical choices that non-Jews made in order to help Jews survive.
Image: Mr. and Mrs. Symchuck, who hid Henry Friedman and his family, with their granddaughter after the war. 1945. Suchowola, Poland (present-day Ukraine). Henry was in hiding for 18 months. More about Henry Friedman.
Despite the indifference of most Europeans and the collaboration of others in the murder of Jews during the Holocaust, individuals in every European country and from all religious backgrounds risked their lives to help Jews. Rescue efforts ranged from the isolated actions of individuals to organized networks both small and large. Article includes discussion guide and critical thinking questions. (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum) Read Article
Kindertransport (Children's Transport) was the informal name of a series of rescue efforts which brought thousands of refugee Jewish children to Great Britain from Nazi Germany between 1938 and 1940. Article includes critical thinking questions. (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum) Read Article
(If studying the kindertransport, you might also be interested in watching local Holocaust survivor Steve Adler talk about his experience on the kindertransport as a young boy and his arrival in England.)
Rescuers and Non-Jewish Resistance
This unit provides students with an opportunity to learn about the types of rescue that occurred in Nazi-occupied Europe and to consider the moral and ethical choices that non-Jews made in order to help Jews survive. Students have an opportunity to consider the price of apathy and indifference in the face of injustice. Created by Echoes and Reflections, each of these two lessons focuses on testimony from survivors and rescuers and is 60-90 minutes.